Origins of Golf: Tracing the Roots (2023)

Golf, an illustrious sport deeply rooted in history, sparks intrigue about its origins, provoking questions that echo through the corridors of time. Tracing back over 200 years, the enigmatic birth of this beloved pastime finds its humble beginnings nestled in the sandy soils of Scotland.

The Birth from Kolven: A Dutch Connection

Historical threads suggest a linkage between golf and the Dutch game of Kolven. Akin to golf, Kolven involved maneuvering a ball toward a post protruding from the ground, often amidst icy lakes and ponds during winter. As maritime trade winds carried tales and activities from Holand to Scotland in the 14th century, the essence of Kolven seemingly melded with local leisure, birthing the golf we know today.

Decoding the 18-Hole Mystery

The very structure of golf, delineated by its 18 holes, conceals an air of randomness. Why not 15 or a round number like 20? Early golf courses painted a diverse picture - St. Andrews boasted 22 holes, Musselburgh a mere 8 until 1870, while Prestwick stood with 12. Yet, the emergence of the 18-hole norm found its guardians in the R&A, the prestigious Old Course, and the legendary Old Tom Morris. Their collective influence standardized the 18-hole configuration, forever etching it into golf's narrative.

Unveiling the 4.25'' Hole Conundrum

The standardized diameter of golf holes, set at 4.25 inches, whispers a tale of happenstance. Before 1891, when this uniformity emerged, holes varied in size across courses. Enter Robert Gray, a local golfer and blacksmith in Musselburgh. Tasked with creating linings for golf holes in 1820, Gray ingeniously repurposed a common 4.25-inch drainage pipe, inadvertently setting the stage for the standardized golf hole we recognize today.

The Evolution of Golf's Quirky Tales

The essence of golf’s history lies in its peculiarities. The happenstance of a drainage pipe dictating the size of the hole or the amalgamation of Dutch pastimes into Scottish leisure paints a whimsical picture of golf’s evolution. As the golfing world spins, tales woven with happenstance continue to shape the very fabric of this beloved sport.

Connor T. Lewis, host of the TalkingGolf History Podcast and a distinguished member of the Society of Golf Historians, shares these intriguing insights.

Disclaimer: Wegolf stands separate from the author's comments.


Golf, a symphony of chance encounters and historical intertwining, emerges from the annals of time as a sport steeped in whimsy. From Dutch pastimes to Scottish sands, each thread woven into its fabric contributes to the charming tapestry of golf's heritage.

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